The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services has confirmed two additional measles cases, bringing the state total to 41 for this year.
The newly confirmed cases were in Oakland and Washtenaw counties, bringing the case count to 39 in Oakland County, one in Washtenaw County and one in Wayne County.
Infected individuals range in age from eight months to 63-years-old.
Oakland County has known exposure sites listed online and more may be identified as further information becomes available.
Measles is a highly contagious, vaccine-preventable disease that is spread by direct person-to-person contact, and through the air.
Individuals who were possibly exposed are advised to watch for symptoms 21 days after exposure. Initial symptoms include high fever, cough, and runny nose. Additionally, tiny white spots on the inner cheeks, gums, and roof of the mouth can occur two to three days after initial symptoms begin. Within three to five days a red rash that is raised and blotchy will usually start on the face, spread to chest, arms, and legs.
If symptoms develop, it is crucial to call ahead to the healthcare provider so they can take precautions to prevent exposure in other individuals.
Measles is a vaccine-preventable disease that is spread by direct person-to-person contact, and through the air by a contagious person sneezing or coughing. The virus can live for up to two hours in the air where the infected person coughed or sneezed.
The MMR vaccine is effective within 72 hours of exposure and treatment is effective within 6 days of exposure for high-risk individuals. High-risk individuals include pregnant women, those who are immune-compromised, or individuals born before 1958.
A single dose of measles vaccine protects about 95 percent of children, but after two doses, almost 100 percent are immune.
For international travel, infants as young as 6 months should be vaccinated against measles.
In 2018, Michigan had 19 cases of measles which was the most reported in the state since 1994.
From 2001 to 2012, the average number of measles cases reported nationally per year was about 60.
For more information about Michigan’s current measles outbreak, visit Michigan.gov/MeaslesOutbreak.
For more information about measles, visit CDC.gov/measles.